2nd Class City
in the Nome Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Community's Judicial District
- Recording District
- Cape Nome
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Geography and Climate
- White Mountain is located on the west bank of the Fish River, near the head of Golovin Lagoon, on the Seward Peninsula. It is 63 miles east of Nome.
- White Mountain has a transitional climate with less extreme seasonal and daily temperatures than Interior Alaska. Continental influences prevail in the ice-bound winter. Average summer temperatures range from 43 to 80 °F; winter temperatures average -7 to 15 °F. Annual precipitation averages 15 inches, with 60 inches of snow. The Fish River freezes up in November; break-up occurs in mid to late May.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- The Inupiat fish camp of "Nutchirviq" was located here. The bountiful resources of both the Fish and Niukluk Rivers supported the area's Native populations. White Mountain grew after the influx of prospectors during the gold rush of 1900. The first structure was a warehouse built by miner Charles Lane to store supplies for his claim in the Council District. It was the site of a government-subsidized orphanage, which became an industrial school in 1926. A post office was opened in 1932. The city government was incorporated in 1969.
- White Mountain is a Kawerak Eskimo village, with historical influences from the gold rush. Subsistence activities are prevalent.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of White Mountain
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water, Watering Point, Piped Sewer, Electric , Landfill, Health Clinic, Volunteer Fire, Airport (State contract), Roads, State-funded Public Safety Officer (VPSO).
- Access to White Mountain is by air and sea. There are no roads. A gravel runway is operated by the state, and scheduled flights are available daily from Nome. There is no dock in the village; supplies are lightered from Nome and offloaded on the beach. Cargo barges cannot land at White Mountain but fuel supplies can be delivered by barge, significantly lower the cost of heating fuel and gasoline.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.