North Slope Borough
Non-Unified Home Rule Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- a.k.a. North Slope
- Community's Judicial District
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
Geography and Climate
- The North Slope Borough is the largest borough in Alaska, over 15% of the state's total land area. It consists primarily of the north and northeastern coast of Alaska, including the Brooks Range and most American land north of the Arctic Circle.
- The borough's climate is arctic. Temperatures range from -56 to 78 °F. Precipitation is light, with an average of 5 inches a year and snowfall averaging 20 inches a year.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- The word ?I?upiat? means ?the real people.? Inupiat Eskimos have inhabited the Arctic for thousands of years, traditionally following animal migrations and subsisting on whale, caribou, walrus, seal and birds. This region has been inhabited for centuries. Atqasuk was a source of coal during World War II. Oil exploration in the 1960s led to the development of the huge reserves in Prudhoe Bay and, subsequently, the Trans-Alaska Pipeline in the 1970s. The borough incorporated in 1972. Today, oil operations support between 4,000 and 5,000 oil company and support service employees in the region. After the passage of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) in 1971, families from Barrow re-settled the abandoned villages of Atqasuk and Nuiqsut.
- The North Slope Borough is made up of eight villages, with populations ranging from 250 to 4,429. The majority of permanent residents are Inupiat Eskimos. Traditional marine mammal hunts and other subsistence practices are an active part of the culture.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Village Water & Wastewater Systems, Washeterias, Electric, Airports, Landfills, Refuse, Prudhoe Bay Refuse & Wastewater, Schools, Police, Fire, Search & Rescue, Health Clinics, Social Services, Day Care, Transit Facilities, Planning, Roads, Housing Program, RELI Loans, Home Assistance Loans, Wildlife Management, Libraries, Museum, Ilisagvik College
- Air travel provides the only year-round access, while land transportation provides seasonal access. The Dalton Highway provides road access to Deadhorse at Prudhoe Bay, though it is restricted during winter months. 'Cat-trains' are sometimes used to transport freight over land from Barrow during the winter.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection