2nd Class City
in the Nome Census Area
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (ee' lim)
- Community's Judicial District
- Recording District
- Cape Nome
Geography and Climate
- Elim is located on the northwest shore of Norton Bay on the Seward Peninsula, 96 miles east of Nome. It lies 460 miles northwest of Anchorage.
- Elim has a subarctic climate with maritime influences. Norton Sound is ice-free generally between mid-June and mid-November. Summers are cool and moist; winters are cold and dry. Summer temperatures average between 46 to 62 °F; winter temperatures average -8 to 8 °F. Annual precipitation averages 19 inches, with about 80 inches of snow.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- This settlement was formerly the Malemiut Inupiat Eskimo village of Nuviakchak. The Native culture was well-developed and well-adapted to the environment. Each tribe possessed a well-defined subsistence harvest territory. The area became a federal reindeer reserve in 1911. In 1914, Rev. L.E. Ost founded a Covenant mission and school, called Elim Mission Roadhouse. The city was incorporated in 1970. When the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) was passed in 1971, Elim decided not to participate and instead opted for title to the 298,000 acres of land in the former Elim Reserve. The Iditarod Sled Dog Race passes through Elim each year.
- It is an Inupiat Eskimo village with a fishing and subsistence lifestyle.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Elim
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water, Piped Sewer, Electric(AVEC), Landfill, Health Clinic, Volunteer Fire, Library, Roads (BIA Contract), City Streets and Roads, Recreation, Equipment Rental, State Funded Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO), Pending Housing
- Elim is best reached by air and sea. It offers a 3,401' long by 60' wide gravel runway. Elim Native Corporation also owns a private 3,000' by 60' airstrip at Moses Point. There is no dock in the village, so supplies must be lightered to shore by a company operating from Nome. Plans are underway to develop a harbor and dock; an access road is under construction. A cargo ship brings freight annually to Nome.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District