in the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
- Area Type
- Place of Interest
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- also see Bettles
- Community's Judicial District
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Geography and Climate
- Evansville is located about 180 air miles and 250 road miles northwest of Fairbanks, adjacent to Bettles.
- The area experiences a cold, continental climate with extreme temperature differences. The average high temperature during July is 70 °F; the average low during January is well below 0 °F. Extended periods of -40 °F are common. The highest temperature ever recorded was 93 °F; the lowest was -70 °F. Average annual precipitation is 13.4 inches, with 77 inches of snowfall.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- Several Native groups have lived in the area, including Koyukon Athabascans and Kobuk, Selawik, and Nunamiut Eskimos from the north and northwest. The Koyukon lived in several camps throughout the year, moving as the seasons changed, following the wild game and fish. Evansville was named for Wilford Evans, Sr., who owned a trading post and river barge business in Allakaket. Evans opened a sawmill at the present site of Evansville and built the Bettles Lodge and General Store. In 1948, the FAA constructed an airfield and communications installation at Bettles Field, adjacent to Evansville. The U.S. Navy used these facilities as a support base for exploring National Petroleum Reserve 4. Work opportunities at Bettles Field attracted both Natives and whites to the new airfield. A post office was established at the Bettles Lodge in 1950. A school was constructed in 1956. A health clinic opened in 1980. The school was closed in the 2002-03 school year due to low enrollment.
- The population of Evansville is a mixture of Athabascans and Inupiat Eskimos. Residents of nearby Bettles are primarily non-Native.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Evansville Village
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- During four months of the year, the Hickel Trail, a 30-mile winter road, gives residents access to the Dalton Highway, which leads to Fairbanks. The Koyukuk River is used in the summer, but no commercial barge is available. A state-owned airport is available in Bettles; it is classified as a transport center, with a flight service station and a float pond. Trucks, cars, snow machines, and ATVs are used for local transportation.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District