Floodplain management is a program focused on reducing flood damages through resilient community
decision-making and implementation of preventive and, when required, corrective measures.
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is one portion of the floodplain management toolbox.
The NFIP provides minimum development standards for preventive and protective measures through
improved land use and building practices, and encourages communities to evaluate and determine
usage of higher standards.
Participation in the NFIP is based on an agreement between a local government and the federal
government. If the community adopts and enforces a floodplain management ordinance
that meets program standards, the federal government will make flood insurance available
within the community.
Mitigation refers to activities that eliminate or reduce the effects of a disaster. Two elements
encompass mitigation: planning and projects. A Hazard Mitigation Plan is a guide to methods,
projects, and actions that will make people and their communities less vulnerable to the effects
of natural and human-caused hazards.
The State Hazard Mitigation Officer, with the Division of Homeland Security and
Emergency Management (DHS&EM), manages the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP).
Alaska Mitigation Program
Jimmy Smith, Local Government Specialist
Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development
Division of Community and Regional Affairs
550 West 7th Avenue, Suite 1640
Anchorage, AK 99501
Phone: (907) 269-4132 FAX: (907) 269-4066